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Learning Japanese from the news / 1,600-year-old chair found at Shindo ruins

The Yomiuri Shimbun

A chair, made around 1,600 years ago and discovered at the Shindo ruins in Kashihara, Nara Prefecture

Stay abreast of current events and learn Japanese at the same time through articles originally printed in The Yomiuri KODOMO Shimbun.

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1600年前(まえ)のイス見(み)つかる 今(いま)から1600年ほど前(まえ)の古(こ)墳(ふん)時(じ)代(だい)に作(つく)られたイスが、奈(な)良(ら)県(けん)橿(かし)原(はら)市(し)の新(しん)堂(どう)遺(い)跡(せき)で見つかりました=写(しゃ)真(しん)=。古墳時代のイスは破(は)片(へん)で見つかることが多(おお)いのですが、このイスはほぼ完(かん)全(ぜん)な形(かたち)で出(しゅつ)土(ど)されていて、とても珍(めずら)しいものだといいます。

このイスは幅(はば)35㌢、奥(おく)行(ゆ)き16㌢、高(たか)さ12㌢。座(すわ)る面(めん)は曲(ま)がっていて、端(はし)に丸(まる)みがかった飾(かざ)りがあります。なにかの儀(ぎ)式(しき)に使(つか)われたと考(かんが)えられています。材(ざい)料(りょう)にはコウヤマキという、硬(かた)くて丈(じょう)夫(ぶ)な木が使われています。

新堂遺跡では、この時代に朝(ちょう)鮮(せん)半(はん)島(とう)から伝(つた)わったとされる大(たい)量(りょう)の土(ど)器(き)や馬(うま)の骨(ほね)も見つかっています。担(たん)当(とう)者(しゃ)は「朝鮮半島の新(あたら)しい文(ぶん)化(か)を取(と)り入れた有(ゆう)力(りょく)な集(しゅう)団(だん)がいたことがわかる重(じゅう)要(よう)な発(はっ)見(けん)です」と話(はな)しています。

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A chair made around 1,600 years ago was discovered at the Shindo ruins in Kashihara, Nara Prefecture. Chairs made in the Kofun period (around 300 AD to 700 AD) are often found just as broken pieces. But this chair was unearthed in near-perfect condition, making it an extremely rare case.

The chair is 35 centimeters wide, 16 centimeters deep and 12 centimeters high. The seat surface is curved and there is rounded decoration on one side. The chair is believed to have been used in some kind of ceremony. The material is Japanese umbrella pine, which is hard and durable.

A lot of pottery and the bones of horses, which are thought to have been brought from the Korean Peninsula in that period, have been excavated at the Shindo ruins. A person in charge said, “This is an important discovery that proves there was a powerful group that absorbed new culture from the Korean Peninsula.”

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ほぼ完(かん)全(ぜん)な形(かたち)で:in near-perfect condition

出(しゅつ)土(ど)される:be unearthed

丸(まる)みがかった:rounded

儀(ぎ)式(しき):ceremony

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2月23日付読売 KODOMO 新聞に掲載された記事の翻訳です

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