ReutersGENEVA (Reuters) — Canada has launched a wide-ranging trade complaint against the United States, the World Trade Organization said on Wednesday, in a dispute that Washington said would damage Canada’s own interests and play into China’s hands.
Canada’s complaint, challenging Washington’s use of antidumping and antisubsidy duties, was based on almost 200 examples of alleged U.S. wrongdoing, almost all of them concerning other trading partners such as China, India, Brazil and the European Union.
“Canada’s new request for consultations at the WTO is a broad and ill-advised attack on the U.S. trade remedies system,” U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said in a statement.
“Even if Canada succeeded on these groundless claims, other countries would primarily benefit, not Canada,” he said. “Canada’s complaint is bad for Canada.”
The 32-page complaint faulted technical details of the U.S. trade rule book, ranging from the treatment of export controls to the handling of split decisions at the six-member U.S. International Trade Commission.
Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland said the legal action was in response to the “unfair and unwarranted” U.S. duties against Canada’s softwood lumber producers and part of a “broader litigation” to defend forestry jobs.
“We continue to engage our American counterparts to encourage them to come to a durable negotiated agreement on softwood lumber,” Freeland said in an emailed statement.
Antidumping and countervailing duties — punitive tariffs to restrict imports that are unfairly priced or subsidized in order to beat the competition — are a core component of Washington’s trade arsenal, and frequently used to defend U.S. interests.
For U.S. President Donald Trump, who has espoused an “America first” trade policy and the unraveling of multiparty trade agreements, those levers for managing individual U.S. trade relationships appear even more important than before.
Under WTO rules, the United States has 60 days to try to settle the complaint, or Canada, which sends 75 percent of its goods exports to the United States, could ask the WTO to adjudicate.
Lighthizer said Canada’s demands undermined confidence in its commitment to mutually beneficial trade, and would only damage its own interests if they were realized.
“The flood of imports from China and other countries would negatively impact billions of dollars in Canadian exports to the United States, including nearly $9 billion in exports of steel and aluminum products and more than $2.5 billion in exports of wood and paper products,” he said.
The tariffs at the center of the complaint are allowed under WTO rules but they are subject to strict conditions.
The United States has been under fire for years about the way it calculates unfair pricing, or dumping. It has already lost a string of WTO disputes after its calculation methodology was ruled to be out of line with the WTO rule book.