By Tomoko Tsuda and Hiroyuki Tanaka / Yomiuri Shimbun Staff WritersThe launch of the “Osaka Track” declared Friday by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe at an event on the sidelines of the Group of 20 summit meeting opened a new chapter in diplomatic bargaining over rule-making for global data flows.
The bargaining involved many countries, from the United States, China and Europe to emerging nations. Yet Japan, which hopes to get results with the Osaka Track, already has a tough road ahead due to difficulties in forming a consensus between the United States and China.
Friday’s event on the digital economy had the tinge of a prelude to the U.S.-China summit talks Saturday — U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping have clashed behind the scenes over the U.S. move to urge Japan, European nations and others to shun Chinese telecom equipment giant Huawei Technologies Co.
During the event, Xi said that the creation of a market environment that is fair and without discrimination is the most important condition for drawing up international rules. Xi’s comment was apparently made to pressure the Trump administration over its move to shut out Huawei from the global market.
In response, the U.S. president said, “We must also ensure the resilience and security of our 5G networks.”
Trump’s comments suggested that he wants to ensure U.S. strategies targeting Huawei on the grounds of security are reflected in the international rules.
Caught in the middle between the United States and China, Japan has been struggling to serve as an intermediary between the two countries.
Trying to increase the influence of the digital economy event, Japan insisted from the beginning on the attendance of the leaders of the United States and China — the world’s two major powers. Foreign Minister Taro Kono requested that Xi attend the event during a telephone conversation with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi on Wednesday. He also asked the U.S. government about Trump’s attendance.
Adapting to the schedules of the two leaders, Japan hastily moved up the event’s start time, and eventually both Trump and Xi attended.
Japan also worked hard to reach a consensus on the wording in the Osaka Track declaration.
According to a Japanese government source, the United States requested the use of the phrase “high-level agreement.” The United States apparently wanted to put pressure on China by including the word “high-level” in the declaration.
If this wording had been included in the declaration, there were concerns that not only China but many emerging nations would not have been able to join the Osaka Track framework.
The Japanese government could not accept the U.S. request given that Japan aims to promote the Osaka initiative among the international community. They finally reached a consensus on Friday morning when Abe held direct negotiations with Trump during their summit talks, saying he wanted to bring negotiations to a successful conclusion with which any country can agree.
Economy, Trade and Industry Minister Hiroshige Seko also had direct talks with U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, and agreed to add the expression, “with the participation of as many WTO [World Trade Organization] members as possible,” to give consideration to developing countries.
Meanwhile, other participating countries are not merely observing the U.S.-China conflict.
About 80 WTO member countries will start negotiations on the international rules. But India, which is not one of the negotiating countries, did not even send a delegate to the event.
As India wants to keep data within its own country in a bid to develop its digital industry, it absolutely cannot accept discussions by the member countries to allow cross-border data flows.
The Chinese government has claimed the right to self-management of data utilization so that it can also keep its data within its borders, as the more information is collected from many users, the more that data becomes valuable.
India, the second most populous country following China with about 1.3 billion people, is believed to have a similar intention.
The European Union, for its part, prioritizes privacy protection and demands companies strictly protect personal information as a warning to the United States, which is home to Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon.
The 80 or so countries are expected to hold a meeting as early as July to narrow down the points of contention in the hope of getting fruitful results at the WTO ministerial meeting in June next year.